Prepositions (предлоги)
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Предлоги, обозначающие отношения, выражаемые в русском языке падежными окончаниями:

of (родительный падеж) - The book of the boy was open.
to, for (дательный, родительный падежи) - She showed her pen to the boy (him).
This is for him.
by, with (творительный падеж)- The letter is written by the boy (him).
He is writing with the pencil.

Pretexts of place
(Предлоги места)

Pretexts of time
(Предлоги времени)

Pretexts of direction and motion
(Предлоги направления и движения)

in в at в, на to к, в
inside внутри in в, через into в
at у by к out of из
on на on в, по from от
in front of перед till до towards к
behind позади, за until до across через
between между since с along по, вдоль
beside рядо, возле for на, в течении up на, вверх
near около, вблизи between между down с, вниз
through сквозь, через during во время onto на
against к, на before до off с (с поверхности)
under под after после
across через through с...по включительно
round вокруг
by у, около
above над
below ниже
over над, за, через

Component pretexts (Составные предлоги)
Наиболее употребительные существительные с предлогами
Наиболее употребительные глаголы с предлогами

Упражнение 1.
Вставьте предлоги on, in или into.

1. There are many people … the park today.
2. There is a girl standing … the bridge.
3. Why is she crying? – She has dropped her doll … the water.
4. We went … the garden and sat down … a bench.
5. I opened the door and went … the classroom.
6. There were two maps … the wall and some flowers … the windowsill.
7. Mother is cooking dinner … the kitchen.
8. I like to sit … the sofa … my room.
9. I saw many people … the platform waiting for the train.
10. He put his hand … his pocket, took out a letter and dropped it … the mailbox which hung … the wall of the house.
Упражнение 2.
Вставьте предлоги at или on.

1. I get up … seven o’clock or … a quarter past seven.
2. … Sunday I usually get up … nine o’clock or … half past nine.
3. My birthday is … the ninth of July.
4. The school year begins … the first of September.
5. … the twenty-fifth of December people celebrate Christmas.
6. … Wednesday I usually have a lot of homework.
7. Lev Tolstoy liked to get up … sunrise.
8. Our lessons are usually over … twenty minutes to two.
9. They returned from the wood … sunset.
10. I began writing my composition … seven o’clock and finished only … midnight.
Упражнение 3.
Вставьте предлоги with или by.

1. He was taken to hospital … an ambulance.
2. He was treated … very effective drugs.
3. He was cured … a very skillful doctor.
4. He wrote his letter … a pencil.
5. He was scolded … his mother.
6. The boy cut his finger … a knife.
7. The boat was carried … the waves into the open sea.
8. The teacher was pleased … our work.
9. America was discovered … Columbus.
10. We eat soup … a spoon.
Упражнение 4.
Вставьте предлоги, где необходимо.

1. We tried to speak … him, but he did not want to listen … us. He did not even look … us and did not answer … our questions.
2. Your brother complains … you. He says you always laugh … him, never speak … him and never answer … his questions.
3. When I entered … the room, everybody looked … me with surprise: they had not waited … me.
4. At the end … the street she turned … the corner, walked … the bus stop and began waiting … the bus.
5. My mother is afraid … rats.
6. "What do you complain … ? asked the doctor.
7. Don’t enter … the room.
8. Wait … me. I’ll be back … a minute.
9. Yesterday the teacher spoke … us about the architecture … St. Petersburg.
10. … nine o’clock the lecturer entered … the hall, walked up … the table, put his bag … it, looked … everybody and began his lecture. The lecture, as all the lectures … this professor, was very interesting, and the students listened … him attentively.
Упражнение 5.
Переведите на английский язык.

1. Пройдите по этому коридору, заверните за угол в конце коридора и войдите в первую комнату.
2. Через пять минут все сидели за столом и слушали бабушку.
3. Он смотрел на лодки, плывущие по реке.
4. В прошлом году мы путешествовали по Европе.
5. Он шел по улице и смотрел на лица прохожих.
6. Собака подбежала к реке, прыгнула в воду, переплыла реку и вбежала в лес.
7. Они бродили по городу с рассвета до заката, говорили со многими людьми, смотрели на прекрасные дворцы и памятники. Вечером они вернулись в гостиницу усталые, но довольные.
8. Иди по этой дорожке через поле и через лес, и через два-три часа ты подойдешь к реке.
9.Я не слышал эту песню с прошлой зимы.
10. Мы окончим университет через несколько лет.