СОЧ 10 класс английския язык 1 четверть
Grade 10A Name: TESTENT.RU
Task 1. Listen to the tape and write if the information is True (T) or False (F).
1. Only about one tenth of the cells in your body are bacteria. (T)
2. Bacteria are mostly helpful. (T)
3. Animals need bacteria to digest food. (T)
4. You have 7 million cells in your body. (F)
5. Most of the atoms are empty. (T)
6. Most of the atoms are tiny circles. (T)
Total [6]
Read the article about scientific researches about volcanoes and complete the task below.
Collecting Information about Volcanoes Is Difficult
For most volcanoes, we don’t know enough. The last time volcano Agung erupted was in 1963. That was before we had all the tools we have today to measure it. Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines erupted in 1991. Before that, it had not erupted for 500 years. In 1991, two months of changes came before the eruption. Ash burst from the top. The volcano's shape changed. Earthquakes were bigger. They also happened more often. We know more about Mount St. Helens volcano in the U.S. Scientists have watched it for many years. They can now make good predictions about it. They know that if there are small earthquakes happening it will erupt in two weeks. We don’t know exactly what Agung volcano did before its 1963 eruption. These events could mean an eruption is coming in two weeks. Or, it could be months or even years.
Today, we use satellites to study volcanoes. Satellites give scientists a good look at the volcano from space. They can’t give smaller details, though. Satellites usually only pass over a given volcano once every week or two. The other tools we use cost a lot of money. We cannot have them everywhere. Predicting volcanic eruptions correctly is very important. If it erupts before people leave, they could die. They need to know before it happens. What if they leave and the volcano doesn’t erupt? That can be a different problem. This happened in Mammoth Mountain, California, in 1984. People stopped visiting. It cost money for everyone to leave. The community lost millions of dollars. The eruption never happened. To predict eruptions correctly, we need to know about each volcano. Without that, we have to compare with other volcanoes. Nothing beats really getting to know each volcano, though.
Task 2. Read and choose the best answer A, B, C or D.
1. What do scientists know about Mount St. Helens volcano?
A) Small earthquakes will cause eruption.
B) The shape of the volcano is changed.
C) The last earthquakes were bigger.
D) The last eruption was 500 years ago.
2. Which word could replace the word "predictions" WITHOUT changing the meaning of the first sentence?
“They can now make good predictions about it. They know that if there are small earthquakes happening it will erupt in two weeks.”
A) answers
B) guesses
C) tips
D) truths

3. Which question is answered in these sentences?
Predicting volcanic eruptions correctly is very important. If it erupts before people leave, they could die. They need to know before it happens.
A) How can people predict volcanoes’ eruption?
B) What can happen if volcanoes erupt earlier than predicted?
C) What can happen if volcanoes do not erupt at all?
D) Where are the most dangerous volcanoes located?
Task 3. Read the text and give a short answer.
4. What technology is used by scientist today to study volcanoes?

Scientists used space satellites. Satellites give scientists a good look at the volcano from space.

5. Why do NOT scientists use other kinds of technologies to study volcanoes?

They cost a lot of money

6. Why is scientific prediction important for people?

If it erupts before people leave, they could die
Total [6]
Task 4. Choose ONE topic and write an article (80-90 words).
Topic 1. An article about latest scientific news. Your article should include the following information:
what exactly has happened; the place where it occurred; its potential effects/results.
Topic 2. An article about a deadly natural disaster. Your article should include the following information: the type of a natural disaster and its description; the place where it occurred; the description of its consequences.

Select topic 1. Scientific news

Scientists have found a new volcano.

After months of investigating the unexpected, intense seismic activity, French scientists discovered a new submarine volcano in the Indian Ocean approximately 50 kilometers east of the island.

The birth of a new underwater volcano has been officially declared to be formed between East Africa and Madagascar, three years after an earthquake rocked the ocean floor of the archipelago. The experts have recently recorded an 820 meters rise of a huge new feature that emerged from seismic events in the past.
Total [5]

Questions for discussion:
• How many types of natural disaster can you name? Which is the worst?
Сколько видов стихийных бедствий вы можете назвать? Что хуже?

Землетрясение - Earthquake
Извержение вулкана – Eruption
Сель – Mud
Оползень - Landslide
Обвал - Collapse
Лавина - Avalanche
Наводнение - Flood
Цунами – Tsunami

Earthquakes recognized as the most dangerous type of natural disaster

Землетрясения признаны самым опасным видом стихийных бедствий

• What natural disasters are common in your country?
Какие стихийные бедствия распространены в вашей стране?

Earthquakes, fires, storms and floods are the most common in Kazakhstan
В Казахстане чаще всего происходят землятресения, пожары, бури и наводнения

• What is the best / worst natural disaster movie you have seen?
Какой фильм о стихийных бедствиях вы смотрели лучший / худший?

I haven't watched any natural disaster movies
Я не смотрела фильмы про стихиные бедствия

• Think of three natural disasters. What can you do to stay safe during and after these natural disasters?
Подумайте о трех стихийных бедствиях. Что вы можете сделать, чтобы оставаться в безопасности во время и после этих стихийных бедствий?
Наводнение – забраться повыше
Пожар – немедленная эвакуация в безопасную зону
Землятресение – выйти из здания, перейти в открытое пространство

Flood - climb higher
Fire - immediate evacuation to a safe area
Earthquake - exit a building, go into an open space

I take a different view.

Total [5]

Total marks____/22
A: Hey, I’m reading this really interesting article about the human body.
B: Yeah? Well, we know all about that from biology lessons.
A: No, we didn’t learn much at all at school! They’re discovering loads more things all the time. Really amazing things! Did you know that only about one tenth of the cells in your body are really you? The rest are bacteria.
B: What? I’m not really me?
A: No, of course you are you, but you also have millions, or trillions, of bacteria in you.
B: Eeeeuuugh!
A: No, they’re mostly really helpful. Someone did an experiment to see if animals can live without bacteria, and he found that a lot of them died or had to have a special diet. Animals need bacteria to digest food, you see. So we’re better off with bacteria.
B: Unless the bacteria are bad.
A: Unless they are bad, but they’re nearly all good. Oh yeah, and going back to cells, do you know how many cells you have in your body?
B: Quite a lot, I’d say. A good few.
A: Yeah, but how many?
B: I don’t know. I’m not mathematical.
A: 7 octillion! That’s 7 plus 27 noughts.
B: I knew it was a lot.
A: OK, that’s an amazingly huge number, almost impossible to imagine. But the really weird thing is that most of the atoms are empty space, just air or nothingness. And if you took out the empty space, you could fit your body inside a tiny cube which measures one 500th of a centimetre on either side. That’s a box measuring 0.002 of a centimetre on each side. You’d be much too small to see.
B: Mmm, I can imagine that…

A: Эй, я читаю действительно интересную статью о человеческом теле. B: Ага? Что ж, все мы знаем об этом из уроков биологии. О: Нет, в школе мы вообще многому не научились! Они все время открывают для себя множество новых вещей. Действительно потрясающие вещи! Знаете ли вы, что только около одной десятой клеток вашего тела на самом деле вы? Остальные - бактерии. B: Что? Я не совсем я? A: Нет, конечно, это вы, но в вас также есть миллионы или триллионы бактерий. B: Eeeeuuugh! О: Нет, в основном они действительно полезны. Кто-то провел эксперимент, чтобы выяснить, могут ли животные жить без бактерий, и он обнаружил, что многие из них умерли или вынуждены были придерживаться специальной диеты. Видите ли, животным нужны бактерии, чтобы переваривать пищу. Так что нам лучше с бактериями. B: Если только бактерии не плохи. A: Если только они не плохие, но почти все хорошие. Ах да, и возвращаясь к клеткам, знаете ли вы, сколько клеток в вашем теле? Б: Я бы сказал, довольно много. Несколько хороших. A: Да, но сколько? Б: Не знаю. Я не математик. A: 7 октиллионов! Это 7 плюс 27 нулей. Б: Я знал, что это много. A: Хорошо, это невероятно огромное число, которое почти невозможно представить. Но действительно странно то, что большинство атомов - это пустое пространство, просто воздух или ничто. А если вы уберете пустое пространство, вы сможете поместить свое тело внутрь крошечного куба, который имеет размер одной 500-й сантиметра с каждой стороны. Это коробка размером 0,002 сантиметра с каждой стороны. Ты был бы слишком мал, чтобы увидеть. B: Ммм, я могу представить, что ...
19.11.2021 21:59 СОРы Артем 7 45 0
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